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In the provincial environment of the last pre-revolutionary months, noticeable

a certain hierarchy of attitudes and moods. Acutely experiencing crisis

state of the consumer market, public opinion was inclined to blame

there are forces directly in contact with society. Distinctly

there is an increase in antagonism between buyers and merchants. AT

combined with cultivated for decades

opposing philistinism and citizenship, he created

favorable ground for the development of anti-bourgeois ideology in

post-revolutionary period.

Bodies of city and local self-government, who took these or

other practical steps to organize the functioning of the consumer

market, not enjoyed among the masses of recognition and popularity. On the contrary their

blamed for inactivity, imposing on local government a substantial share

responsibility for the chaos of economic life. This trend has been reinforced.

traditionally demanding approach to the assessment of the work of city councils and

zemstvos, practiced by the provincial journalism of the prewar years,

formed the image of an inert and selfish “city daddy”. AT

such conditions seems unlikely widespread public

support of the transfer of management of the province to the hands of local government

occurred as a result of the February revolution.

On the contrary, the government, both supreme and provincial,

play an important role in the organization of normal daily life.

  The ongoing war, the events of which in the first months caused

rush of interest, by the end of 1915-1916 began to play the role of the background

phenomena. The population was accustomed to frequent military appeals and considered them

inevitable necessity.

The efforts of official propaganda have become common in

national bottoms idea of a fairly close victory, in connection with which

the population lived in anticipation of major changes on the fronts.

26 The general mood of the masses, noted the head of the provincial gendarme department in April 1916, anxiously-anticipatory, due to the onset of warm weather and drying out soil, indicating a speedy

resumption of active hostilities. (GAOO, f.580, art.1, d.4396, l.68. Report of the head of OGUZH on

political situation and state of affairs in the Oryol province by May 1, 1916). Extremely


Fatigue from the ongoing war, spreading in the mass

population, caused mainly increasing household

difficulties associated with military conditions. Duration

War, due to the increasing cost of living, caused some

anxiety27. According to the recall of the Karachevsky district police officer among

intellectuals have seen conversations against the high cost caused by

military circumstances, and expressed a desire to end the war28.

In general, the masses were not characterized by the idea of abandoning

the continuation of the war, it is no coincidence that the calls of the Provisional Government to

in order to preserve order in the name of victory met with support among the peaceful

inhabitants and garrisons of the Oryol province.