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At the very end of 1916, the strikes were finally withdrawn from

planes of relations of the employer and workers and put under control

local administration. The governor has become a key figure in the resolution

labor conflicts. An inter-ministerial meeting on

combining government action to prevent and

the cessation of factory strikes was determined by the circle of persons and institutions

related to the prevention and elimination of the strike

103 GAOO, f.580, art.1, d.6127, l.575. Information about the mood of the population in the Bryansk district in December 1916 104 Limiting the duration ofduty 24 hours, the provision of paid leave, the abolition of fines.

Such requests were made by the railway in a written request to the manager of the road

back in November 1916, but then it was left unanswered. The last salary increase of 10% was carried out

in October of the same year, but the workers considered it insufficient, demanding an increase in salary by 80%

compared with the pre-war. 105 GAOO, f.635, op.1, d.441, l.3-5. Protocol of interrogation of the manager of the Polesia railway. 01/18/1917

In the same place, l.16. Petition to the Chief Superintendent of Maltsev machinists’ plants, assistant machinists,

oilers and conductors. 15. 01. 1916

238

movement. The Governor, as a representative of the highest government authority,

assigned the role of coordinator of all activities. Factory inspection

had to perform a preventive function, taking measures to

to prevent disputes and misunderstandings by on-site research

emerging issues. The local general police and gendarmerie were also

are required to conduct preventive work, with the police due

collect information material about the mood of the workers, and gendarmerie about

their political views. All information should have been reported.

to the governor. Neither the general nor the gendarme police should have been

take no independent action. The governor could receive

information about imminent strikes and from representatives of the military department,

seconded to the plant. In case of referral for liquidation

strikes of a specially authorized representative of any central

departments, he had to act in consultation with the governor 106. AT

In general, these provisions coincided with the course of action of the Oryol provincial

administration during strikes at Maltsevsky plants, when the governor

He was directly involved in their elimination.

Prominent place in social movement research

pre-revolutionary period takes a liberal

anti-government activity, the carrier of which are considered figures

self-government, especially its all-Russian organizations that appeared in

years of World War I. The political position of self-government

Orel province during the war years was very moderate. In his

activities of the city government and zemstvos emphasize solidarity

their efforts with the wishes of the government. Each county or provincial

Zemsky assembly began with a solemn prayer for health

the imperial family name and parcel of a loyal telegram

to the emperor.