Social injustice tolerated in peacetime is becoming increasingly harsh
rejected in the days of nationwide trials. War dramatically sharpens the need
in justice, which takes on the meaning of a motive. Exactly
This was based on unrest of conscripts that occurred in 1915 during
Mtsensk and Bolkhov. It is noteworthy that those drafted into the army
did not come up with quite understandable and logical requirements to leave them
the house where workers needed badly was a lot of urgent
peasant work, moreover, favorable pricing conditions made them
labor is profitable; next to relatives who needed their support.
On the contrary, during the mobilization the silent reigned among the people.
agreement with the need to go himself (to give a relative) to the war, the goal
which remained unclear, the completion of which in the foreseeable future
objectively it was not foreseen where the soldier with a very high degree of probability
expected fate to be killed or maimed. In such a situation in
the provinces did not have a broad anti-war movement; content
indicative is a review on this topic of the Sevsky district police officer: “The entire population of the district is located in
joyful mood under the impression of the successful offensive of the army of General Brusilov and loss,
finally, the long-awaited rain needed for meadows and spring fields. All the talk is mainly
based on these two phenomena. (Ibid, l.212.The report of the Sevsk district police officer. 06/02/1916). 27 Ibid, l.93. Report of the Oryol district policeofficer. February 1916
In the same place, l. Report of the Oryol district police officer. April, May 1916 28 Ibid., Bl.151ob., 216. Report of the Karachevsky district police officer. April 1916
mass consciousness has become a demand for a fair, equal for all
enforcement of military service both for the rich and for the police.
The heightened need for justice dictated the attitude in
people to the social programs of the government. It was believed that it was obliged
arrange a family of crippled and dead warriors. Although the bulk of the work on
to the charity of families recruited to the army lay on local government,
the population considered the assistance received by the government, issued by the government,
taking it for granted29. Under the influence of world war, the patriotic feelings of the Russians gave
quite deep class cracks that threatened the collapse of public and
state structure in case of failure of the existing power
to put sociopolitical priorities above national-religious ones.
The first months of the war in Orlovschine were held in unity
residents of the province, representing all sectors of society, professing different
glances. However, the basis of this unity was not clearly
a formulated idea, but rather a general feeling. Therefore, in nature
patriotic rise in the province was dominated not rational, but
emotional traits that predetermined the unstable nature of the phenomenon.
The patriotic rise had a rather pronounced archaic connotation: in
as the unifying motives were native language, native land,
Orthodox religion. By virtue of this circumstance patriotic feelings
were weakly exposed to the official
The ability to influence public opinion by
States were also weakened by the relative lack of objective and
available information. Between state propaganda and its
public perception there was a fairly noticeable divide.