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Social injustice tolerated in peacetime is becoming increasingly harsh

rejected in the days of nationwide trials. War dramatically sharpens the need

in justice, which takes on the meaning of a motive. Exactly

This was based on unrest of conscripts that occurred in 1915 during

Mtsensk and Bolkhov. It is noteworthy that those drafted into the army

did not come up with quite understandable and logical requirements to leave them

the house where workers needed badly was a lot of urgent

peasant work, moreover, favorable pricing conditions made them

labor is profitable; next to relatives who needed their support.

On the contrary, during the mobilization the silent reigned among the people.

agreement with the need to go himself (to give a relative) to the war, the goal

which remained unclear, the completion of which in the foreseeable future

objectively it was not foreseen where the soldier with a very high degree of probability

expected fate to be killed or maimed. In such a situation in

the provinces did not have a broad anti-war movement; content

  indicative is a review on this topic of the Sevsky district police officer: “The entire population of the district is located in

joyful mood under the impression of the successful offensive of the army of General Brusilov and loss,

finally, the long-awaited rain needed for meadows and spring fields. All the talk is mainly

based on these two phenomena. (Ibid, l.212.The report of the Sevsk district police officer. 06/02/1916). 27 Ibid, l.93. Report of the Oryol district policeofficer. February 1916

In the same place, l. Report of the Oryol district police officer. April, May 1916 28 Ibid., Bl.151ob., 216. Report of the Karachevsky district police officer. April 1916


mass consciousness has become a demand for a fair, equal for all

enforcement of military service both for the rich and for the police.

The heightened need for justice dictated the attitude in

people to the social programs of the government. It was believed that it was obliged

arrange a family of crippled and dead warriors. Although the bulk of the work on

to the charity of families recruited to the army lay on local government,

the population considered the assistance received by the government, issued by the government,

taking it for granted29. Under the influence of world war, the patriotic feelings of the Russians gave

quite deep class cracks that threatened the collapse of public and

state structure in case of failure of the existing power

to put sociopolitical priorities above national-religious ones.

The first months of the war in Orlovschine were held in unity

residents of the province, representing all sectors of society, professing different

glances. However, the basis of this unity was not clearly

a formulated idea, but rather a general feeling. Therefore, in nature

patriotic rise in the province was dominated not rational, but

emotional traits that predetermined the unstable nature of the phenomenon.

The patriotic rise had a rather pronounced archaic connotation: in

as the unifying motives were native language, native land,

Orthodox religion. By virtue of this circumstance patriotic feelings

were weakly exposed to the official


The ability to influence public opinion by

States were also weakened by the relative lack of objective and

available information. Between state propaganda and its

public perception there was a fairly noticeable divide.