Already in January 1916, the Krom district police officer noted that
the only subject for public discontent is public
Management: both city government and zemstvo did not show
no activities to reduce the prices of basic necessities18.
Eletsky the police master was forced to report to the governor that
refugees from the city government some
activity; in relation to providing citizens with “life products”
activity is not noticed19.
Summarizing the situation in the cities of the province, the head
The gendarme’s office reported that city governments did not
show no tendencies towards political speeches with
resolutions, but at the same time do not manifest themselves in the area of improving
well-being of residents in the issue of combating the high cost of living. Governor
noted that from the side of self-government the people did not see the proper energy and
initiatives to combat rising prices and organizing the right
distribution of mass consumption items. Hope rested on
consistent and decisive action in this direction
15 Ibid, l.46. 16 Ibid, l.429. Report of the head of the OGUU to the governor. 10/01/1916 17 Ibid., L.431. Report of Oryol police chief. November 1916 18 Ibid, l.9. 19 Ibid., L. 130. The first half of April 1916.
government bodies20. Along with this it should be noted that in the hands
self-management there were no tools capable radically
improve the situation of the inhabitants of the province. Combating the concealment of goods and
unreasonable price increase was the responsibility of the police. Wanting in their
reports to the governor lay the blame for the chaos in the consumer market on
local government, police officers sought to remove themselves and their
apparatus a considerable share of responsibility.
The population was waiting for decisive measures by the provincial administration to
urging urban public administrations to fight
high cost of living21.
Over time, the situation escalated. Governor
He noted that the population heard complaints, complaints and even threats in
the authorities are in favor of not taking effective measures to ensure the population
life products22. Two weeks before Christmas 1916 the governor
received a mysterious and threatening letter (see Appendix 6). Unknown
hitherto Secret Orlovsky Union, threatening to blow up the governor’s house, demanded
from the governor of the province to take immediate and decisive
measures against the shortage of goods that hit the provincial center23. Gendarme
management through its agents unsuccessfully tried to collect information about
Oryol Union, came to the conclusion that there is a hoax24. None
however, for the protection of the governor’s house, two were additionally allocated
policemen, two guards and a disguised policeman
the warden 25. This case, which was more of a curious character, is relief.
shows, first, the urgency that reached by the end of 1916
crisis of the consumer market, and secondly, unequivocally indicates that
the mass consciousness of the provincial administration assigned the role of force,
able to radically change the situation.